On April 7th 1967, IAF planes shot down six Syrian MiGs.
Tension between the countries was at a record high, with Syria engaged in incessant shelling of Israel's northern settlements, and carrying out various forms of sabotage against Israel. On May 14th, Egyptian President Gamal Abd El-Nasser ordered a large scale movement of troops into the Sinai, and a few days later closed the Tiran Straits. The war was now a matter of time.
On June 5th 1967 the IAF struck, launching Operation 'Moked' against Egyptian airfields. In a matter of three hours, IAF jets destroyed Egypt's air force on the ground, and proceeded to attack the air forces of Syria, Jordan and Iraq, gravely damaging their aerial force.
By midday on the first day of fighting, the IAF had achieved unassailable air supremacy on all three fronts. Israeli planes were now free to lend massive close air support to the ground troops, and attacked enemy military convoys in the Sinai, on both sides of the Jordan River and in the Golan.
At the same time, transports and helicopters were used to advance troops, drop supplies, land fighters behind enemy lines in the Sinai and Golan, and for the evacuation of casualties. The lighter planes were sent on reconnaissance missions, and helped IDF artillery range its targets. Dozens of tanks, hundreds of vehicles, artillery pieces, outposts, bases and camps were destroyed from the air.
60 enemy planes were shot down in dogfights. Three more planes were brought down by the Israeli AA forces.
24 IAF pilots were killed in the course of the fighting. 69 IAF planes were hit, 46 of those were unsalvageable.